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Methodology for developing citizenship education resources


This teaching briefing from the Pacific Islands Citizenship Education Capacity Building Programme (PICE) applies citizenship education and political journalism methods to journalism training and mentoring and the publication of proposed resources, particularly the Tonga Guide to Local Government. The briefing is also applicable to government officials, MPs and women political candidates and to the publication of curriculum based training and mentoring resources, such as Working with the media .

The social sciences provide an established method for the development of citizenship education resources, helped by policies and practices such as freedom of information and Parliamentary press galleries.

The media and other social sciences contribute to more effective participation in governance by citizens, be they from New Zealand, Tonga or elsewhere, and contribute to increasing access to information on their Parliaments and governments- outcomes sought by the PICE Programme. Social studies, history, geography and economics, as well as media studies, are amongst social sciences with curricula and resources suited to journalism training for citizenship resource publication. These social sciences can educate journalists with local, national and global perspectives, with different emphases over time.

Major topics to consider in this training method include

  • curriculum,
  • content,
  • media format,
  • publishing management,
  • dissemination
  • finance.

There are examples of citizenship education journalism that trainers and other interested parties may draw from in developing resources applicable to their situation, including but not limited to the Commonwealth Foundation, the Centre for Citizenship Education and the Tonga Ministry of Education. Obviously the history of democratic thought and practice, from ancient Greece’s Aristotle to the architects of the American Constitution, from the United Nations bodies to member nations, open up citizenship education.  This briefing will draw closely from the experience of CCE and those it worked with – starting with New Zealand social studies teachers in the mid 20th century. CCE applied its experience also in the Pacific and Asia, in citizenship education, political journalism and development journalism.  CCE’s experience is evident in Sione comes to New Zealand – a Samoan migrants story, in Being Palangi – My Pacific Journey, and in the DecisionMaker New Zealand Guides to Parliament and Government and many briefings, case studies and profiles by Anthony Haas, CCE founding director. Find out more at and at


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